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Mission San Luis

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Apalachee society was well-organized and ruled by "chiefs" (holatas) who inherited their positions and were guided by priests. Gods representing natural forces guided the Apalachee religious beliefs and worship ceremonies. The sun, moon, rain, and thunder were thought to be divine since these were needed for growing food.

The Apalachee built large villages that included earthen "platform" mounds and plazas where religious and cultural ceremonies were conducted. They participated in a far-reaching trading network that brought them things made or gathered by other Native Americans beyond Apalachee Province - the metal copper is one example.

An Apalachee family placed more importance on the mother's relatives than the father's kin as was usually the custom in Europe. Native clans or extended families took the names of animals - deer, bear, snake - or natural forces - wind clan, for example. When an Apalachee man married, he resided with his wife's clan.

Apalachee chiefs traced their inherited positions of power through their female relatives. When a chief died, his oldest sister's oldest son inherited the position of chief. This custom granted more cultural status to Apalachee women than European women. Before their Christian conversion, chiefs might also have been the religious leaders of their people. The Apalachee chiefs governed villages and nearby fields and forests. The chief of San Luis was one of the most important in the province. Europeans described the size of San Luis as extending for miles around.

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Details and Specs

Hours of Operation:
Tue10:00 AM4:00 PM
Wed10:00 AM4:00 PM
Thr10:00 AM4:00 PM
Fri10:00 AM4:00 PM
Sat10:00 AM4:00 PM
Sun10:00 AM4:00 PM
Notes: Closed on Mondays, New Year's Day, Easter, July 4, Thanksgiving, Christmas Eve and Day


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